U.S. DoD Bolsters VPN Capacity to Support Remote Working

US Department of Defense | July 20, 2020

As businesses and other organizations shifted to working from home during the pandemic, so too did the US Department of Defense's Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA) which worked to bolster network and VPN capacity. In a recent keynote address to the Armed Forces Communications and Electronics Association, Vice Admiral Nancy Norton provided more details on the measures DISA and the Joint Force Headquarters Department of Defense Information Networks (DODIN) took to ensure that its staff could keep working during the pandemic.

Spotlight

It is well known that the voice service, both for 3 domestic communications and for the international wholesale service, has been subject to key and deep changes that involve technical platform: the ip migration, at least in the developed regions, can be considered almost completed. in addition, the virtualisation of the telecom platform has started generating issues as well as opportunities. stakeholders the industry players are no more limited to domestic telcos (fnos/ mnos) and international carriers (e.g. ipx providers), each class mutually playing the role of customer and providers. over the top (ott) providers emerged as alternative service providers and sources of traffi c to be terminated and strongly modifi ed the industry scenario in terms of service performance, customer experience and pricing.


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VMWARE

Defense Information Systems Agency Releases VMware NSX® Security Technical Implementation Guide

VMware Inc. | April 28, 2022

VMware Inc. (NYSE: VMW) today announced that the Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA) has added the Security Technical Implementation Guide (STIG) for VMware NSX® to the Department of Defense (DoD) Cyber Exchange. The updated DISA STIG outlines the installation requirements, security policies and controls for deploying VMware NSX within the Department of Defense and other federal agencies. The STIG will also help provide a vetted, more secure baseline for non-DoD entities to measure their security posture. Across the public sector, agencies are navigating accelerated innovation alongside the journey to Zero Trust security. As the threat landscape evolves, the release of DISA's STIG for VMware NSX will empower agencies to leverage VMware's advanced network virtualization and security platform to better protect and manage their multi-cloud environments. With VMware NSX, we are helping customers modernize their cloud networks to deliver apps faster while also protecting against today’s threats.” Jennifer Chronis, vice president, public sector, VMware. The STIG requirements confirm VMware NSX implementation is consistent with DoD cybersecurity policies, standards, architectures, security controls and validation procedures, when applicable NIST SP 800-53 cybersecurity controls are applied to all systems and architectures. The DISA STIG for VMware NSX provides guidance on configuring various components of an NSX environment, including the NSX Manager, Gateway Router, Distributed Firewall, and Gateway Firewall. The latest version of NSX joins VMware vSphere and VMware vSAN for which DISA has previously released STIGs. To view the official STIG, visit the DoD Cyber Exchange Public website and view the STIG release memo for VMware NSX. Multi‑Cloud for Mission Success Earlier this month, VMware announced the findings of a study on how government agencies are scaling the use of multi-cloud environments. The study, titled “Multi-cloud Is The New Frontier Of Government IT," conducted by Forrester Consulting, found that while the move to multi-cloud is a priority, agencies face challenges in supporting growing cloud environments, including compliance standards, data security and upskilling employees.

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CLOUD

D2iQ™ Kubernetes Platform Enhancements Speed Time-to-Value in Production Environments

D2iQ™ | April 22, 2022

D2iQ, the leading enterprise Kubernetes provider for smart cloud-native applications, today announced the newest release of the D2iQ Kubernetes Platform (DKP). With customer-led updates, DKP 2.2 gives enterprises more control and visibility when deploying and managing Kubernetes deployments in any environment, and enables customers to accelerate mission-critical production deployments. DKP now provides VMware vSphere infrastructure provisioning using Cluster API to simplify lifecycle management, a unified DKP user interface to improve the user experience, and access to Kaptain AI/ML to better support artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) workloads, streamlining the development of smart cloud-native applications. D2iQ is kicking off a customer technology preview of DKP Insights, a self-service troubleshooting capability that embeds D2iQ's industry-leading expertise in Kubernetes operations. DKP Insights analyzes the alerts, metrics, logs, and events from Kubernetes clusters managed by DKP and generates heuristic analytics for potential issues and operational challenges. This enables infrastructure teams to quickly identify and proactively resolve issues on their own providing greater support productivity, speed, and reduced costs, while preventing downtime and loss of revenue. In addition, DKP now includes access to Kaptain AI/ML as a catalog application that enables enterprises to deploy Kaptain to other Kubernetes distributions managed by DKP, including Amazon Elastic Kubernetes Service (EKS) and Azure Kubernetes Service (AKS). With Kaptain AI/ML, organizations can develop, deploy, and run AI and ML workloads in production at scale with consistency and reliability. "As Kubernetes deployments begin to scale in production environments, complexity increases exponentially, often limiting the success and impact of cloud-native projects," said Tobi Knaup, CEO of D2iQ. "The latest release of DKP further enhances our customers' experience in running enterprise-grade Kubernetes. Customer-led innovations, such as DKP Insights for improved platform management, empower organizations to accelerate time-to-value and increase reliability for all Kubernetes deployments. As the industry's leading independent Kubernetes platform, DKP continues to power the cloud-native applications that have become a requirement in modern business operations." About D2iQ ™ D2iQ accelerates Day 2 success for smart cloud-native applications on enterprise Kubernetes. The D2iQ Kubernetes Platform (DKP) includes everything needed to adopt Kubernetes easily and expand Kubernetes use to multiple clusters across any infrastructure, whether on-premise, in the cloud, in air-gapped environments, or at the edge, and to enable smart cloud-native applications. D2iQ eliminates roadblocks to success, such as lack of skills, with our Kubernetes and cloud-native expertise, alleviates operational complexity with a simpler and easy-to-use platform, and addresses security concerns with military-grade security. D2iQ is headquartered in San Francisco with additional offices in London and Hamburg. D2iQ investors include Andreessen Horowitz, Hewlett Packard Enterprise, Khosla Ventures, Koch Disruptive Technologies, Microsoft, and T.Rowe Price Associates, Inc.

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VIRTUAL SERVER MANAGEMENT

AWS Announces General Availability of Amazon EC2 C7g Instances Powered by AWS-designed Graviton3 Processors

Amazon Web Services | May 24, 2022

Amazon Web Services, Inc. (AWS), an Amazon.com, Inc. company today announced the general availability of Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) C7g instances, the next generation of compute-optimized instances powered by AWS-designed Graviton3 processors. New C7g instances use AWS Graviton3 processors to provide up to 25% better compute performance for compute-intensive applications than current generation C6g instances powered by AWS Graviton2 processors. The higher performance of C7g instances makes it possible for customers to run more efficiently a wide range of compute-intensive workloads—from web servers, load balancers, and batch processing to electronic design automation (EDA), high performance computing (HPC), gaming, video encoding, scientific modeling, distributed analytics, machine learning inference, and ad serving. There are no minimum commitments or upfront fees to use C7g instances, and customers pay only for the amount of compute used. Since launching in 2020, Amazon EC2 instances powered by AWS-designed Graviton2 processors have provided customers with significant performance improvements and cost savings for a broad range of applications. Today, 48 of the top 50 Amazon EC2 customers use AWS Graviton2-based instances to deliver superior price performance to their customers. Customers like DirecTV, Discovery, Epic Games, Formula 1, Honeycomb.io, Intuit, Lyft, Mercardo Libre, NextRoll, Nielsen, SmugMug, Snap, Splunk, and Sprinklr have seen significant performance gains, with reduced costs, running AWS Graviton2-based instances in production. The AWS Graviton-based instance portfolio offers 13 different instances that include general purpose, compute optimized, memory optimized, storage optimized, burstable, and accelerated computing instances, so customers have the deepest and broadest choice of high-performance, cost-effective, and power-efficient compute in the cloud for all sorts of applications. As customers bring more compute-intensive workloads to the cloud to transform their organizations and fuel new opportunities, they want even better price performance and greater energy efficiency when running these demanding workloads. To provide even better price performance for a wide variety of customer applications, new C7g instances powered by next generation AWS Graviton3 processors provide up to 25% better performance for compute-intensive applications over current generation C6g instances. Compared to previous generation AWS Graviton2 processors, AWS Graviton3 processors deliver up to 2x faster performance for cryptographic workloads, up to 3x faster performance for machine learning inference, and nearly 2x higher floating point performance for scientific, machine learning, and media encoding workloads. AWS Graviton3 processors are also more energy efficient, using up to 60% less energy for the same performance than comparable EC2 instances. C7g instances are the first in the cloud to feature the latest DDR5 memory, which provides 50% higher memory bandwidth than AWS Graviton2-based instances to improve the performance of memory-intensive scientific applications like computational fluid dynamics, geoscientific simulations, and seismic processing. C7g instances also deliver 20% higher networking bandwidth than C6g instances for network intensive applications like network load balancing and data analytics. “Customers of all sizes are seeing significant performance gains and cost savings using AWS Graviton-based instances. Since we own the end-to-end chip development process, we’re able to innovate and deliver new instances to customers faster. With up to 25% better performance than current generation Graviton instances, new C7g instances powered by AWS Graviton3 processors make it easy for organizations to get the most value from running their infrastructure on AWS.” David Brown, Vice President of Amazon EC2 at AWS New C7g instances are built on the AWS Nitro System, a collection of AWS-designed hardware and software innovations that streamline the delivery of isolated multi-tenancy, private networking, and fast local storage. The AWS Nitro System offloads the CPU virtualization, storage, and networking functions to dedicated hardware and software, delivering performance that is nearly indistinguishable from bare metal. For customers looking to enhance the performance of applications that require parallel processing like HPC and video encoding, C7g instances in the coming weeks will include support for Elastic Fabric Adapter (EFA), which allows applications to communicate directly with network interface cards, providing lower and more consistent latency. C7g instances are available for purchase as On-Demand Instances, with Savings Plans, as Reserved Instances, or as Spot Instances. C7g instances are available today in US East (N. Virginia) and US West (Oregon), with availability in additional AWS Regions coming later this year. Snap Inc. is a camera company focused on empowering people to express themselves, live in the moment, learn about the world, and have fun together. “We trialed the new AWS Graviton3-based Amazon EC2 C7g instances and found that they provide significant performance improvements on real workloads compared to previous generation C6g instances,” said Aaron Sheldon, Software Engineer at Snap. “We are excited to migrate our Graviton2-based workloads to Graviton3, including the messaging, storage and the friend graph workloads.” Sprinklr helps the world's biggest companies make their customers happier across 30+ digital channels—using the most advanced, sophisticated AI engine built for the enterprise to create insight-driven strategies and better customer experiences. “We run a wide variety of workloads on AWS Graviton-based instances for their significant price performance benefits,” said Jamal Mazhar, Vice President of Infrastructure and DevOps at Sprinklr. “After the announcement of AWS Graviton3, we benchmarked our workloads on the new Amazon EC2 C7g instances and observed 27% better performance compared to the previous generation instances. Based on these results, we are looking forward to adopting AWS Graviton3-based instances in production.” NextRoll, Inc. is a marketing and data technology company with a mission to accelerate growth for companies, big and small. Powered by machine learning, NextRoll’s technology gathers data, delivers reliable insights, and provides business with approachable tools to target buyers in strategic ways – all on one platform. “We have found that AWS Graviton3-based C7g instances are ideal for bidders, ad servers, and ElastiCache clusters,” said Valentino Volonghi, CTO at NextRoll. “We are seeing about 15% more requests handled by C7g instances compared to AWS Graviton2-based C6g instances. With C7g instances, we also observed up to 40% better latency. Based on these findings, we are looking forward to adopting AWS Graviton3-based C7g instances in production.” Ansys is a global leader in engineering simulation. “As engineers and designers face increasingly complex problems, cloud computing helps lower the barrier of access to high-performance computing, allowing users to solve problems faster,” said Prith Banerjee, Chief Technology Officer at Ansys. “Ansys has also been focusing on green computing initiatives with the goal of improving energy efficiency and reducing costs to customers. With the support of LS-DYNA on the AWS Graviton3 processor powered by AWS, Ansys customers will get the best of both worlds – access to a world-class multiphysics solver without compromising on speed, and lower energy and costs.” Beamr is a leading provider of image and video optimization solutions that enable professional photographers to improve their workflows, photo sharing services to improve user experience (UX) and reduce churn, and video service providers to reduce storage and delivery costs. “Beamr's JPEGmini software, written in C/C++, optimizes JPEG image files by reducing their file size without compromising quality. The application is compute-intensive and includes functions for image decoding, image encoding, and a quality measure algorithm that analyzes various image attributes,” said Dan Julius, Vice President of R&D at Beamr. “Since the mobile version of this software runs on Arm processors, we decided to test its performance on AWS Graviton3-based Amazon EC2 C7g instances. Rebuilding our software to run on C7g instances took us one working day, and the results were promising. When running on C7g instances, we saw 30% improved performance over comparable x86-based instances. Based on these results, we plan to recommend to our customers to run the Beamr JPEGmini software on Graviton3-based instances once those become GA, and we plan to benchmark Beamr’s H.264 and HEVC video encoders on Graviton instances as well.” About Amazon Web Services For over 15 years, Amazon Web Services has been the world’s most comprehensive and broadly adopted cloud offering. AWS has been continually expanding its services to support virtually any cloud workload, and it now has more than 200 fully featured services for compute, storage, databases, networking, analytics, machine learning and artificial intelligence (AI), Internet of Things (IoT), mobile, security, hybrid, virtual and augmented reality (VR and AR), media, and application development, deployment, and management from 84 Availability Zones within 26 geographic regions, with announced plans for 24 more Availability Zones and eight more AWS Regions in Australia, Canada, India, Israel, New Zealand, Spain, Switzerland, and the United Arab Emirates. Millions of customers—including the fastest-growing startups, largest enterprises, and leading government agencies—trust AWS to power their infrastructure, become more agile, and lower costs.

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VIRTUAL DESKTOP TOOLS

O-RAN ALLIANCE Announces Its June 2022 Industry Summit, Progress of Its Global PlugFest Spring 2022 and a New Set of O-RAN Demos

O-RAN ALLIANCE | June 10, 2022

The O-RAN ALLIANCE invites all interested public to join its next industry summit to be held on June 29, 2022, as an open virtual event. The 2.5-hour session will bring: Latest updates from the O-RAN ALLIANCE leadership Updates from the O-RAN ecosystem on RAN openness, intelligence, cloudification, and testing and integration Live panel discussion: Accelerating industry adoption for large-scale commercialization For more details and to join the event, please visit www.o-ran.org/events. O-RAN Global PlugFest Spring 2022 in Progress O-RAN ALLIANCE has been sponsoring its global PlugFests to enable efficient testing and integration for the O-RAN ecosystem. O-RAN Global PlugFest Spring 2022, first of the two PlugFests planned for this year, has been progressing at 3 venues: Auray OTIC and Security Lab is hosting 21 participants: Alpha Networks, Askey Computer, Calnex Solutions, Foxconn, Institute for Information Industry, Inventec, IP Infusion, ITRI, JPC connectivity, Keysight Technologies, Lions Technology, LITEON, MICAS, NKG, Pegatron, QCT, REIGN Technology, Rohde & Schwarz, Sageran, VIAVI Solutions and WNC. Telefonica, at European OTIC in Madrid, is hosting 6 participants: ADVA Optical Networking, Juniper Networks, Keysight Technologies, Precision Optical Transceivers, Ribbon and VIAVI Solutions. AT&T and DISH are hosting participants including Analog Devices, Anritsu, Calnex Solutions, Cisco, Fujitsu, HCL, IP Infusion, ITRI, Juniper Networks, Keysight Technologies, META, NSF ARA: Living Wireless Lab, NSF PAWR: AERPAW, NSF PAWR: Colosseum, PHYTunes, Rohde & Schwarz, VIAVI Solutions, VMware and Wind River; with assistance from AT&T Lab, NSF PAWR: COSMOS Lab, NSF PAWR: POWDER Lab and University of New Hampshire Interoperability Lab. All venues aim to conclude the spring PlugFest by end of June 2022. 23 new demos of O-RAN technology at the O-RAN Virtual Exhibition O-RAN ALLIANCE member companies have been progressing with their O-RAN based implementations. Latest demonstrations will soon be available at the O-RAN Virtual Exhibition. Newly added Intelligent RAN control demonstrations include: AirHop and VMware demonstrate how automation and programmability efficiently detect and remediate PCI collisions/confusions to optimize RAN performance. The proposal is a solution to current RAN frequency planning, conflict mitigation and optimization methods which are costly and time-consuming, slowing deployment of new services and decreasing performance of existing ones. Cellwize and VMware demonstrate how to bring programmability to any type of RAN deployment, including purpose-built RANs. As an example, we demonstrate how Cellwize’s rApp onboarded on VMware Centralized RIC optimizes EN-DC anchoring to maximize spectral usage in purpose-built RANs; leading to monetizable gains in performance. China Mobile and Lenovo demonstrate how video experience can be optimized using an xApp to predict the available bandwidth for a UE using the RIC and radio information reported over the E2 from the network and providing this predicted bandwidth to the Application Provider to adjust and optimize the video bitrate. Cohere and VMware demonstrate how using RAN programmability, operators can double mobile bandwidth without any changes to antennas, radio or devices. Using Cohere’s Spectrum Multiplier xApp powered by VMware Distributed RIC, now Services Providers can activate broadband in rural areas while avoiding costly changes in handsets or infrastructure. GDCNi demonstrates its RF product with high/middle/low transceiver power, performing interoperability testing with other vendors. GDCNi has rich RAN industrial experience and provides private RAN solutions for coal mines, ports, intelligent manufacturing, agriculture, and transportation, and helps to enrich the O-RAN ecosystem. Intel demonstrates SLA assurance demonstration with AI/ML-powered Network Slice Radio Resource Manager (NSRRM) xApp in an O-RAN RIC integrated with an Open, virtualized RAN. This demo shows operators the viability of offering revenue-generating business models with optimal radio resources. Polte and VMware demonstrate how to leverage RAN programmability to deliver precise sub-meter UE positioning. Using cellular as prime technology (as opposed to GPS or Wi-Fi), Polte’s xApp powered by VMware’s Near Real-time RIC offers global location indoors/outdoors, while lowering cost and extending battery life of the IoT asset tracker. Rimedo Labs demonstrates the complete integration of the Traffic Steering xApp into the open-source SD-RAN Near-Real-Time RIC from ONF. The solution highlights the opportunities to control the xApp via the policies through the A1 interface as defined by the O-RAN ALLIANCE, which enables manipulation of the behavior of the corresponding RRM algorithm based on the current strategy coming from the SMO. Newly added Open RAN demonstrations include: ArrayComm demonstrates its 5G Distributed Small Cell in a 5G SA E2E network showing its high performance and stability testing with measured downlink and uplink throughputs. It includes white box O-DU, Fronthaul Gateway, and O-RU. The O-DU is a single box built with NXP LX2160A and LA1201 SoC. ArrayComm demonstrates its 5G Distributed Small Cell on a Marvell platform consisting of a Marvell CNF95O virtualized O-DU card combined with x86/Arm server, Fronthaul Gateway, and O-RU. This platform can be widely used in the capacity coverage improvement scenarios, and also can be easily deployed as distributed RAN or cloud RAN. China Mobile and Lenovo demonstrate a CaaS platform, which followed O-Cloud specs, and pico gNB BBU respectively to form a joint test solution. Hardware construction has been completed; the first call was made in June. 5G performance will be tested in a E2E environment in next stage. Comba showcases Open RAN Multi-band Remote Radio Unit with advanced technology that maintains a low power consumption level and better receiver sensitivity. The small form factor and improved Mean Time Before Failure performance contributes to optimized installation and maintenance cost. These features facilitate fronthaul integration with O-DU partners. Foxconn, Auray and Calnex demonstrate O-RAN S-Plane Performance Testing with Foxconn’s O-RU in Auray OTIC and Security lab with Calnex’s Paragon-neo. O-RAN.WG4.CONF.0 has recommended the S-Plane performance test and functional test to be mandatory for O-RU S-plane testing and therefore mandatory for O-RAN/OTIC O-RU Badging. Intel, Capgemini, AWS and others demonstrate a unified view of end-to-end 5G service orchestration from the network edge to the cloud. Demo highlights agility using service orchestration to support dynamic network slicing for new business and service capabilities - allowing continuous delivery of new services and features. It also demonstrates O-RAN Fronthaul (xRAN) Test as defined by O-RAN ALLIANCE, using a sample application created to execute test scenarios with features of the xRAN library and test external API. IS-Wireless showcases a Multi MNO scenario supported in the form of a Neutral Host. The end-to-end Open RAN network is deployable on any cloud in an automated manner as containers and supports both Open Fronthaul Split 7.2x and 3GPP split 2. LITEON demonstrates FlexFi indoor small cell system based on open interfaces (e.g. Open Fronthaul Interface) enabling a cost effective deployment at large scale. And we also demonstrate an O-RAN based intelligent RAN management and control solution-LiteNetics. In this Proof of Concept, we verified manage gNB via the Radio Intelligent Controller (RIC) with O1 interfaces. LITEON provides 5G products that meet customer needs. MICAS demonstrates two O-RAN Radio Unit solutions, with one sub-6 GHz indoor small cell and one mmW small cell. Both solutions feature O-RAN's open fronthaul interface technology and enable cost-effective large-scale deployment. Pegatron, Auray and Calnex demonstrate O-RAN Fronthaul Latency Testing with Pegatron’s O-DU/O-CU in Auray OTIC and Security lab with Calnex’s Paragon-X in network emulation mode. O-RAN.TIFG.E2E-Test.0 has recommended the xHaul latency to be mandatory for O-RAN E2E testing and therefore mandatory for O-RAN/OTIC Badging. Rohde & Schwarz and VIAVI Solutions jointly demonstrate O-RAN open fronthaul (OFH) conformance and 3GPP pre-conformance validation of a Foxconn O-RU at Auray Lab. The Foxconn O-RU is validated by VIAVI’s automated TM500 O-RU tester with R&S SMW200A vector signal generator, R&S FSVA3000 spectrum analyzer and the R&S VSE signal analysis software. The demonstration highlights a progressive test plan including functional, interoperability, conformance and performance testing, with a single point of control for the entire testbed. Spirent demonstrates its end-to-end Open RAN test solution enabling the ability to accomplish functional, interoperability, performance, and compliance testing with either a real or emulated UE. This demo walks through the architecture of the solution and gives an overview of the interface, reporting, and capabilities. Spirent demonstrates a flexible, scalable, high-performance solution for comprehensively testing the CU for compliance, functionality, performance, and capacity. This demo walks through the architecture and presents an overview of the interface, reporting, and capabilities through running a test in 5G SA mode (NSA is also available). Spirent demonstrates how O-DU is tested with multiple emulated O-RU to verify function, reliability of O-DU & test delay in fronthaul networks. A challenge for O-RAN is long-duration reliability testing. Streamblocks are usually sent once in 5G fronthaul testing. Spirent solution sends continuous traffic to emulate real-world network traffic. Deploying a complete Open vRAN network is a daunting task. VMware and Altiostar demonstrate how to greatly reduce this effort by combining the automation capabilities of Altiostar EMS and VMware Telco Cloud Platform RAN over Intel FlexRAN TM architecture. About O-RAN ALLIANCE The O-RAN ALLIANCE is a world-wide community of more than 300 mobile operators, vendors, and research & academic institutions operating in the Radio Access Network (RAN) industry. As the RAN is an essential part of any mobile network, the O-RAN ALLIANCE’s mission is to re-shape the industry towards more intelligent, open, virtualized and fully interoperable mobile networks. The new O-RAN specifications enable a more competitive and vibrant RAN supplier ecosystem with faster innovation to improve user experience. O-RAN based mobile networks at the same time improve the efficiency of RAN deployments as well as operations by the mobile operators. To achieve this, the O-RAN ALLIANCE publishes new RAN specifications, releases open software for the RAN, and supports its members in integration and testing of their implementations.

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Spotlight

It is well known that the voice service, both for 3 domestic communications and for the international wholesale service, has been subject to key and deep changes that involve technical platform: the ip migration, at least in the developed regions, can be considered almost completed. in addition, the virtualisation of the telecom platform has started generating issues as well as opportunities. stakeholders the industry players are no more limited to domestic telcos (fnos/ mnos) and international carriers (e.g. ipx providers), each class mutually playing the role of customer and providers. over the top (ott) providers emerged as alternative service providers and sources of traffi c to be terminated and strongly modifi ed the industry scenario in terms of service performance, customer experience and pricing.

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